Ordinals in Korean
Ordinals in Korean are numbers used to tell order, first, second, third. Native Korean numbers and Sino-Korean numbers can both be made into ordinals. Ordinals may be used as adjectives or nouns.
To form an ordinal with Sino-Korean numbers simply add 제 before the number. Ex. 제 일 = first.
To form an ordinal with Native Korean numbers simply add 번째 after the number. Ex. 다섯 번째 = fifth.
“First” is an irregular so instead of 한 번째 for “First” 첫 번째 is used.
Also numbers 2, 3, and 4 are shortened.
두 번째 = second
세 번째 = third
네 번째 = fourth
Ordinals in Korean Table
|English||Sino-Korean Numbers||Native Korean Numbers|
|first||제 일||첫 번째|
|second||제 이||두 번째|
|third||제 삼||세 번째|
|fourth||제 사||네 번째|
|fifth||제 오||다섯 번째|
|sixth||제 육||여섯 번째|
|seventh||제 칠||일곱 번째|
|eighth||제 팔||여덟 번째|
|ninth||제 구||아홉 번째|
|tenth||제 십||열 번째|
|twenty seventh||제 이십칠||스물 일곱 번째|
|fifty fifth||제 오십오||쉰 다섯 번째|
이거는 내 세 번째 콜라예요 = This is my last cola.
이 시험은 내 두 번째 시험이에요 = This is my second test.
Learn Korean Language Tips
The Native Korean Ordinals may be shortened by just adding 째 instead of 번쩨.
첫째 = first
둘째 = second
세째 = third
넷째 = fourth
This form is often used to talk about the order of children in your family.
우리 두째 아들은 수학을 싫어해요 = Our second son hates math.
First in Korean 처음, 먼저
처음 = first
처음 is used in many different situations to signify “the start of something” and more often “a first experience.”
처음 뵙겠습니다 = Nice to meet you(very formal)
처음 먹었어요 = This is the first time I ate that.
먼저 = first, before anything else
먼저 is used signify that something is happening “first” of “before” others.
먼저 가요 = You leave first.
먼저 하세요 = You do that first.
Last in Korean 마지막
마지막 = last
마지막 is used to signify the “last” or “final” something in an order.
“Last” in English has many different meanings.
Ex. “Last night I ate pizza.” The proper Korean word for this sentence would be 어젯밤 = last night.
“This is the last piece of pizza.” The proper Korean word for this sentence would be 마지막 = last. This is because it was the “final” or “last” piece.
이거는 내 마지막 콜라예요 = This is my last cola.
나는 마지막 사람을 봤어요 = I saw the last person.
Ordinals in Korean Exercise Preview
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