Here is a quick review about ㅇ before we get to the new rule.
The consonant ㅇ is not pronounced when it is at the beginning of a syllable. This results in a vowel being pronounced first as the second letter in a Korean syllable is always a vowel.
Silent or Null ㅇ at the Beginning of a Syllable
Korean Study Tips
♦ This rule was explained in the pronunciation tips of Korean Consonants Set 2.
♦ Remember, when “ㅇ” is place as the final consonant(받침) of a syllable, ㅇ is pronounced as “ng”
The ㅇ Pronunciation Rule
Here are the conditions for when the ㅇ rule is used.
- The Korean word has two or more syllables. ex. 아기, 전화, 숟가락
- One or more syllables have a final consonant(받침) which comes before a syllable that starts with the consonant ㅇ. ex. 먹어, 한국어, 앉아
Notice how the ㄱ in 먹어 is followed by a ㅇ in the next syllable.
Notice how the ㄱ in 한국어 is followed by a ㅇ in the next syllable.
Notice how the ㅈ in 앉아 is followed by a ㅇ in the next syllable.
Here is the pronunciation for the ㅇ rule.
- The final consonant(받침) that comes before a syllable starting with the letter ㅇ is pronounced in place of the letter ㅇ.
- This rule allows all four letters in four letter Korean syllables to be pronounced
The best way to learn this rule is to see examples. The table below displays the ㅇ rule in use.
The ㅇ Pronunciation Rule Examples
|없어||[업서]||eopseo||not have, not exist, to be gone, none|