Korean Consonants (자음) Set 2

Letter Romanization Name Pronunciation Tips
-/ng 이응 ㅇ is silent or null when placed at the start of a syllable resulting in a vowel being pronounced first. ex. 아 = a When placed at the end of a syllable as the bachim(받침), ㅇ is pronounced as [ng] ex. 앙 = ang
ch/j 지읒 as in chair
ch 치읓 as in check
k 키읔 as in kind
t 티읕  as in tea
p 피읖  as in pie
h 히읗  as in hi

Korean Study Tips

♦   Spend some extra time studying ㅇ as it’s pronunciation changes based on placement.

♦   ㅈ can be difficult as sometimes it sounds like ch, j, or a mix. Don’t worry about it too much.

♦   When the consonants ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ, or ㅎare placed as the final consonant(받침) of a syllable, they are pronounced as “t” ex. 낮 = nat

Korean Vowels (모음) Set 2

Letter Romanization Pronunciation Tips
o as in orange
yo as in york
u as in moo
yu as in yoop
eu as in curse

Korean Study Tips

♦   Horizontal vowels are place directly below the first consonant of a syllable. ex. 고, 무, 스

♦   Remember that all vowels with two smaller lines attached are pronounced with a “y” sound. ex. ㅑ, ㅛ

Korean Consonants and Vowels Set 2

 
oyouyui
chochyochuchyuchi
chochyochuchyuchi
kokyokukyuki
totyotutyuti
popyopupyupi
hohyohuhyuhi

Three Letter Syllables with Horizontal Vowels

The final consonant of a syllable is called a bachim(받침).

If a consonant is added after a horizontal vowel, the final consonant(받침) goes directly below the first two letters. ex. 근, 돈, 슙

 

Korean Study Tips

♦   Not all of the syllables in this table are used in words.

♦   Remember that ㅇ is null or silent as the first consonant of a syllable but is pronounced as “ng” when placed as the final consonant(받침) of a syllable. ex. 아 = a, 앙 = ang

♦   Remember when the consonants ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ, or ㅎare placed as the final consonant(받침) of a syllable, they are pronounced as “t” ex. 낮 = nat

My Korean Words

Word Romanization English Translation
나무 namu tree, wood
cha car
우유 uyu milk
bang room
라디오 radio radio
주스 chuseu juice
컴퓨터 keompyuteo computer

Go to Part 3 – Korean Double Consonants

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