good-morning-in-korean-잘-주무셨어요

"Good Morning" in Korean: How Koreans Actually Say It

One of the most common and simple phrases in English is “Good Morning” but it’s not so simple or common in Korean.

 

What is “Good morning” in Korean?

좋은 아침입니다 is “Good Morning” in Korean, literally.

In English terms, it would be like saying “The morning is good.”

좋은 = good
아침 = morning
이다 = is

Here is a screenshot from Naver Translate:

good-morning-in-korean-좋은-아침입니다-naver-translate

Click here to see the translation of “Good Morning” on Naver Translate.

There are many times when I have tried to use Naver Translates Papago or Google Translate and have gotten poor translations.

Translator apps are super convenient but you should be aware that they often give literal translations or results that don’t make complete sense.

Since it’s pretty rare for Korean people to say 좋은 아침입니다 as a greeting the way Americans use “Good morning” to just say “Hello.”……

 

What greetings do Koreans actually say in the morning?

Korean people use several different phrases and words to greet each other in the morning. Let’s take a look at each to discover why they use these different phrases and how to say them in informal, Polite, and high honorific ways according to Korean culture.

 

High Honorific Korean Level

1. 잘 주무셨어요? (chal choo-moo-shyu-su-yo) is “Good morning” in Korean

The most formal way to greet someone in the morning is to say 잘 주무셨어요?

잘 주무셨어요? = Did you sleep well?

잘 is “Well” in Korean and can be used before verbs as an adverb.

For example:

잘 했어! = Well done! / Good job!
한국말을 잘 하시네요. = You speak Korean well.

주무시다 = sleep (High Honorific)

Korean often has extremely formal words reserved for people that are much older than you or deserve a lot of respect. 주무시다 is the very formal version of sleep.

Here are some examples of Korean words with very formal high honorific verbs:

sleep = 자다 주무시다
eat = 먹다 드시다
eat = 먹다 잡수시다
to exist = 있다 계시다
speak = 말하다 말씀하다
die = 죽다 돌아가시다

Korean Conversation

Korean Learner(You): 잘 주무셨어요?
Korean Person(older than you): 네, 잘 잤어.

Korean Person(younger than you): 잘 주무셨어요?
Korean Learner(You): 네, 잘 잤어.

In the conversation above, the person responding did not use the word 주무시다 because it is a high honorific verb and using it to talk about yourself would be very strange. The regular verb for sleep, 자다, was used instead.

You can hear 잘 주무셨어요? in Korean dramas when the actors speak to grandparents and other high honorific verbs often.

 

2. 안녕히 주무셨어요? (an-nyeong-hee choo-moo-shyu-su-yo) is “Good morning” in Korean

Another similar phrase is 안녕히 주무셨어요?

안녕히 주무셨어요? = Did you sleep peacefully?

안녕 = peace
안녕히 = peacefully

You can find 안녕 in other common Korean greetings like:

안녕하세요 = Hello (Formal)
안녕 = Hello, Goodbye (Informal)
안녕히 가세요 = Goodbye (Formal)
-said to a person that is leaving while you stay
안녕히 계세요 = Goodbye (Formal)
-said to a person that is staying while you leave

The phrase, 안녕히 주무셨어요?, can be said as a command or imperative in a slightly different form to mean “Good night” in Korean too.

안녕히 주무세요 = “Sleep peacefully” (High Formal)

“Good night” literally translates to 좋은 밤 but Korean people don’t use that phrase.

 

Polite Korean Level

1. 안녕하세요 (an-nyeong-ha-se-yo) is “Good morning” in Korean

안녕하세요 is the most common way to say “Good morning.” This is the formal way, used when you are talking to someone you don’t know or that is older than you.

Korean Conversation

Korean Person(older than you): 안녕.
Korean Learner(You): 안녕하세요.

Korean Person(same age or younger than you): 안녕하세요.
Korean Learner(You): 안녕.

 

2. 잘 잤어요? (chal cha-su-yo) is “Good morning” in Korean

잘 잤어요? is still polite but not as formal as 잘 주무셨어요?

This makes the phrase, 잘 잤어요?, good to use with someone closer to you in age but someone you are not as familiar with, like a new acquaintance.

 

Korean Conversation

Korean Person(older than you): 잘 잤어?
Korean Learner(You): 네, 잘 잤어요.

Korean Person(same age or younger than you): 잘 잤어요?
Korean Learner(You): 네, 잘 잤어.

 

The phrase, 잘 잤어요?, can be said as a command or imperative in a slightly different form to mean “Good night” in Korean too.

잘 자요. = Sleep well. (Polite)
잘 자. = Sleep well. (Informal)

 

Informal Korean Level

1. 안녕 is “Good morning” in Korean

안녕 is the informal way and can be used with people that you are close to or that are younger than you.

 

Korean Conversation

Korean Person(older than you): 안녕.
Korean Learner(You): 안녕하세요.

Korean Person(your friend): 안녕.
Korean Learner(You): 안녕.

Korean Person(same age or younger than you): 안녕하세요.
Korean Learner(You): 안녕.

 

2. 잘 잤어? is “Good morning” in Korean

잘 잤어? is a great phrase to use with friends and people close to you.

 

Korean Conversation

Korean Person(older than you): 잘 잤어?
Korean Learner(You): 네, 잘 잤어요.

Korean Person(your friend): 잘 잤어?
Korean Learner(You): 네, 잘 잤어.

Korean Person(same age or younger than you): 잘 잤어요?
Korean Learner(You): 네, 잘 잤어.

 

Korean Phrase Review

How to Say “Good morning” in Korean:

잘 주무셨어요? (chal choo-moo-shyu-su-yo)
안녕히 주무셨어요? (an-nyeong-hee choo-moo-shyu-su-yo)
안녕하세요 (an-nyeong-ha-se-yo)
안녕 (an-nyeong)
잘 잤어요? (chal cha-su-yo)
잘 잤어? (chal cha-su)

 

good-morning-in-korean-잘-주무셨어요-잘-잤어

Learn Korean Language Tips

  • The phrases 잘 주무셨어요?, 안녕히 주무셨어요?, 잘 잤어요?, and 잘 잤어? should be used early in the morning, soon after waking up.
  • If you use 잘 주무셨어요? or 안녕히 주무셨어요? the Koreans around you will be very happy and impressed because it is very respectful and difficult to learn.
  • If 잘 주무셨어요? and 안녕히 주무셨어요? are too difficult to remember then you can stick to 안녕 and 안녕하세요. Sometimes it’s better to keep things simple.
  • It’s pretty rare but sometimes Korean people even say 굿모닝 (koot-moe-ning), Konglish style.

Lesson Conclusion

Now you can say “Good morning” in Korean in 7 different ways. 대박! Hopefully you can wake up in Korea soon and try it out.

Feel free to take a look around Hello In Korean if you want to learn more Korean words, phrases, and grammar in an easy to understand format.

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