~에서, ~부터, ~까지 At, From, To, Until in Korean

 

 ~에서, ~부터, ~까지
From & To a Time, From & To a Location, At

This lesson covers some of the most important Korean particles there are.
Learn how to make sentences with:

~에서 “From” a location, “At,” or “In”
~부터 “From” a time
~까지 “To” a location, “To” a time

 

 

 

Action Verbs with ~에서: “At” & “In” in Korean

You can attach ~에서 to a noun to express the location that an action takes place “At” or “In.”
Therefore ~에서 should be used with action verbs like doing, working, playing, etc.

Parts of an ~에서 Sentence:

  1. an action verb
  2. a subject to do the verb
  3. a place where the subject does the verb

 

Sample Sentences in Korean

Korean English
토마스는 식당에서 저녁을 먹어요. Thomas eats dinner at the restaurant.
저는 도서관에서 공부해요. I study at the library.
토마스가 공원에서 친구를 만났어요. Thomas met a friend at the park.

 

 

 

Descriptive Verbs with ~에서: “At” & “In” in Korean

You can attach ~에서 to a noun to express the location that an adjective happened “At” or “In.”
For these instances you should use ~에서 with descriptive verbs like hot, cheap, happy, etc.

 

Sample Sentences in Korean

Korean English
학생들은 학교에서 행복해요. Students are happy in school.
야채는 시장에서 싸요. Vegetables are cheap at the market.
저는 집에서 더웠어요. I was hot at home.

 

Learn Korean Language Tips

The particle ~에 is used with 있다 not ~에서.
저는 집에 있어요. = I am at home.

This is a common thing to forget but now you know. I know you won’t forget.

 

 

 

~에서 “From” a Location in Korean

You can attach ~에서 to a noun to express the starting point of an action or “From” in Korean. ~에서 usually translates to “From” in English with this usage.
When you use ~에서 as “From” in Korean, you must attach it to an inanimate, non-living, noun. Ex. USA에서, Here에서.

You may attach the Korean particles 에게서 or 한테서 to living nouns like people or animals to mean “From” in Korean.

 

Sample Sentences in Korean

Korean English
뉴욕에서 기차로 두시간 걸려요. It takes 2 hours by train from New York.
토마스는 화정실에서 나왔어요. Thomas came out from the bathroom.
저는 캐나다에서 왔어요. I came from Canada. (I’m from Canada.)

Learn Korean Language Tips

Here is how to ask, “Where are you from?” in Korean.

Me: 어디에서 왔어요? = Where are you from?
John: 영국에서 왔어요. = I’m from England.

In English we use the present tense, “I am from England.”
In Korean you should say it in the past tense, “영국에서 왔어요.”

 

 

 

~에서 VS ~에 in Korean

These Korean particles are often confused. Please take a look at these example sentences to get a feel for how they are different.

Korean English
저는 미국에서 운전할 거예요. I will drive in the United States.
저는 미국에서 운전할 거예요. I will drive from the United States.
저는 미국에 운전할 거예요. I will drive to the United States.

The first two sentences are the same in Korean so you would next some context to know if the meaning of “In” or “From” is being used.
Don’t worry about this too much. The more examples you hear, the better you will understand. Just recognize that a difference exists.

 

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~에서, ~부터, ~까지

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~에서, ~부터, ~까지

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~까지 “To” in Korean

~까지 may be translateㅇ to  many different words in English including “To,” “Until,” “Up to,” or “As far as.”

 

Destination + ~까지

Attaching ~까지 to a place marks that place as the “Destination” or “Stopping point.”

Korean English
서울까지 기차로 두시간 걸려요. It takes two hours by train to Seoul.
 저는 부산까지 운전할 거예요. I will drive until Busan.

 

Time + ~까지

Attaching ~까지 to a time expresses the end time, “Until” a time, or “Up to” a time.

Korean English
날씨가 10월까지 좋아요. The weather is good until October.
 4시까지 공부할 거예요. I will study until 4 o’clock.

 

~에서 ~까지: “From” a Location “To” a Location in Korean

You can use ~에서 “From” and ~까지 “To” or “Until” in the same sentence.
Remember that you must attach ~에서 to an inanimate, non-living, noun.  The Korean particles 에게서 or 한테서 are for living nouns like people and animals.

 

Starting Location + 에서
Destination + 까지

Korean English
부산에서 서울까지 기차로 네시간 걸려요. It takes four hours by train from Busan to Seoul.
 저는 서울에서 부산까지 운전할 거예요. I will drive from Seoul until Busan.

 

Learn Korean Language Tips

When you attach ~에서 to 여기, 거기, or 저기, it is often shortened.

여기에서 여기서 from here
거기에서 거기서 from there
저기에서 저기서 from there

 

~부터 “From” a Time in Korean

The Korean particle ~부터 is “From” in Korean. ~부터 is used to identify the “Starting time” or “From” when something happens.

 

Time + 부터

Korean English
저는 12시부터 잤어요. I slept from 12 o’clock.
저는 3시부터 한국어 공부할 거예요. I will study the Korean language from 3 o’clock.
저는 작년부터 일했어요. I have worked since last year.

 

~부터 VS ~에 for Time in Korean

Did you know that while ~부터 is “From” a time ~에 is “At” a time? Check out these examples.

Korean English
저는 12시부터 잤어요. I slept from 12 o’clock.
저는 12시에 잤어요. I slept at 12 o’clock.
 저는 3시부터 한국어 공부할 거예요. I will study the Korean language from 3 o’clock.
 저는 3시에 한국어 공부할 거예요. I will study the Korean language at 3 o’clock.

 

 

 

~부터 ~까지: “From” a Time “To” a Time in Korean

You can use ~부터 “From” and ~까지 “To” or “Until” in the same sentence.

Time + 부터
Time + 까지

Korean English
저는 12시부터 8시까지 잤어요. I slept from 12 to 8 o’clock.
저는 3시부터 5시까지 한국어를 공부할 거예요. I will study the Korean language from 3 to 5 o’clock.
아침부터 밤까지 비가 왔어요. It rained from morning till night.

 

Get the Free PDF of this Lesson
~에서, ~부터, ~까지

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~에서, ~부터, ~까지

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